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October 30, 2007 / Daniel

God as spirit, His moral virtue, and the Trinity

More of my work for my Christian Theology class…

The Bible teaches that God is spirit and thus is a living immaterial being (John 4:24; Luke 24:39). For this reason, God is also invisible (1 Tim. 1:17). Our natural senses could never perceive God in all of His glory (Ex. 33:12-23). And yet on certain occasions in Scripture, God has chosen to reveal Himself through a theophany or a “visible manifestation” of His presence (Gen. 15:17; Is. 6; Ezek. 1). God most deeply and clearly manifested Himself to us through the person of Jesus, who is God in the flesh (John 1:14-18).

The God of the Bible, all of His splendor, is also a holy and righteous God (Isa. 6:3; John 17:25; Acts 3:14). His perfect character is the very essence of virtue. Among His moral attributes, He is good, just, gentle, wise, truthful, kind, loving, loyal, faithful, gracious, merciful, patient, and self-controlled (Ps. 104:24; Ps. 136; Rom. 12:19; 1 Thess. 5:24; 1 John 4:8; Eph. 2:8; Gal. 5:22-23). The Bible also describes our holy God as a personal being capable of all sorts of emotions including joy, jealousy, anger, sorrow, happiness, pleasure, and even hatred (Ex. 34:14; Judges 10:16; Zeph. 3:17; Zech. 8:17; Rom. 1:18; 1 Tim. 1:11).

The Bible progressively reveals God to be triune. God mysteriously exists as three distinct eternal persons, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, who are one in essence (Matt. 28:19; Deut. 6:4; 1 Cor. 8:6; 2 Cor. 13:14; James 2:19). Each person is equal in nature and fully possesses all of the attributes of God (John 1:1-14; John 10:30; Rom. 9:5; Acts 5:3-4; John 16:8-11; 1 Pet. 1:2).

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